Wednesday, 16 October 2019

The Campaign in Lorraine | Arracourt, September 1944

GIs in front of a Sherman tank awaiting a German counter-attack
This battle study,  by Richard H. Barnes, MAJ, US Field Artillery, "...investigates operational and tactical considerations of the battles of Arracourt, which took place in September 1944 as the 4th Armored Division of Patton's Third Army clashed with the Fifth German Panzer Army in the French province of Lorraine on the U.S. drive to the German West Wall. By examining detailed German and American unit histories, logs, and summaries, as well as personal papers, this study illuminates differences and similarities in reporting the U.S. penetration from the Nancy Bridgehead to Arracourt, the German offensive at Luneville as a prelude to Arracourt, and the two German offensives at Arracourt, as the Fifth Panzer Army attempted to link up with a German unit cut off at Nancy. Arracourt exemplifies penetration and mobile defense and illustrates the demand for good intelligence and flexible command and control. It shows the inherent risks of piecemeal commitment of reserves, the need for timely orders and good logistical support, as well as the tactical advantages."

Friday, 4 October 2019

The Campaign of 1777 | Examination of a Turning Point using DIME

The battle of Germantown - October 4, 1777
... is a Master Thesis, by Jason W. Torgerson, MAJ, US Army. Abstract: "This historical assessment of the American Revolution evaluates the significance of the Campaign of 1777. More specifically, this thesis examines whether the Campaign of 1777 was a turning point in the American Revolution. Each of the four elements of National Power: Diplomatic, Information, Military, and Economic (DIME); are used in order to determine whether there was a perceptible increase or decrease in power. The European balance of power dictated the effectiveness of diplomacy..."

Monday, 16 September 2019

Operation 'Market Garden': Case Study

American paratroopers land near Groesbeek during Operation Market Garden.
... for Analyzing Senior Leader Responsibilities, by Elizabeth A. Coble, LTC. Abstract: With German forces on the run following the Allied success at Normandy and the breakout and pursuit across France, Allied forces were staged to enter Germany in late summer 1944. Both Field Marshal Montgomery and General Bradley clamored to be given the priority of effort. General Eisenhower chose Montgomery’s Operation MARKET GARDEN as the plan for action. It called for airborne forces to open the route for a ground force to move more than sixty miles up a single road, ending up north of the Rhine River near Arnhem, Netherlands. By accomplishing this task, the German Ruhr industrial heartland would be within easy grasp. But the operation failed. The ground force did not make it to the last bridge; it was six more months before Allied forces crossed the Lower Rhine River near Arnhem.